Indirect approach: This covers achieving high economic growth rate, promotion of small scale industry, promotion of agriculture. How does a country measure its poverty? There is need to check high birth rate. Explain. What is BPL? Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. (vi) Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY): It was launched in 2000, additional central assistance is given to states for basic services such as primary health, primary education, rural shelter, rural drinking water and rural electrification. The poverty line fixed for the rural and urban areas in India according in the year 2012 was Rs 816 and Rs 1000 per person per month respectively. For a household of five members the poverty line has been fixed at an annual income of Rs. Poverty as a challenge class 9 1. What is Poverty Line? [CBSE 2015] (iii) Whether the poverty in South Asia is increasing or decreasing. Because of different poverty line definition, poverty in India is also shown higher than the national estimates. Ans. This would translate into a decrease in households considered poor, namely a drop from 525,743 households falling below the poverty line in 2016 to 405,441 households in 2019. Question 4. The high birth rate leads to a mismatch between resources and population. Answer: Question 11. A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption level. Poverty line differs from one country to another, depending upon the idea of poverty Poverty line changes from one country to another. Answer: A person is considered poor if his or … Because of different poverty line definition, poverty in India is also shown higher than the national estimates. Other Indicators of Poverty: Now poverty is looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, … This was accompanied by a high growth rate of population. (i) The scheme which was started in 1993. Poverty line is usually calculated by finding the total cost of all the essential resources that an average human adult consumes in one year. States with poverty ratio less than the national average: Recent studies show that in 20 states and union territories, the poverty ratio is less than the national average. Answer: Over dependence on agri-culture: Even after more than 60 years of independence more than 60 per cent of our total population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood. •260 million or 26 crore people in India are poor. According to 2018 Census figures, more than 38.1 million people in the U.S. lived below the poverty line, which was 1.4 million fewer people than in 2017. “Poverty is a curse upon humanity.” Explain by giving two examples. The poverty line is a method to measure poverty based on income or consumption levels. Poverty declined substantially in China as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. Answer the following questions briefly: Suggest any four ways to reduce poverty in India. (i) Human poverty is a broader concept of poverty. Answer: Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such as Nutrition, health care education, clothing and shelter, because of the inability to afford them. Name an organisation which is responsible for estimating poverty. (ii) Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Kerala. Q13. The programme is open to all rural poor, who are in need of wage employment, and desire to do manual unskilled work. Three data points are highlighted: 31.8% in 2015, 32.9% in 2017, and 33.4% in 2018. Poverty as a challenge class 9 1. One- third of the proposed jobs would be reserved for women. By using the new methodology, Malaysia’s absolute poverty rate would be recorded as improving from 7.61 per cent in 2016 to 5.6 per cent in 2019. Name a poverty alleviation programme for rural areas with its objectives. It aims to explore the prevalent poverty in the country in detail along with various other important subtopics. In 1981 more than 50 per cent of the population Give reason. (a) $1 Question 3. Question 1. Answer: How vulnerability to poverty is determined ? This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 109614 times. Even after fifty years of independent India, we can find a major section of the people engaged handicraft industries as , downtrodden. As per Planning Commission, minimum daily intake of calories for determining poverty line for rural area is (a) 2100 (b) 2400 (c) 1500 (d) none of the above. (iii) Name any two economic groups which are highly vulnerable to poverty. All those persons who live on less than $1.25 per day are considered living below poverty line. Name a scheme which was launched to create self-employment opportunities for the educated youth in the rural areas. It was assumed that the development of industry and agriculture would create employment opportunities and income, which would lead to rapid economic development. Causes of poverty as well as anti-poverty measures taken by the government are also discussed. The class 9 syllabus of social science entails a very informative chapter called Poverty as a Challenge. Answer: (iii) West Bengal [CBSE 2015] Answer: Question 1. What is it? Over a period of thirty years lasting up to the early eighties, there were little per capita income growth and not much reduction in poverty. [CBSE 2014] Lack of industrialisation: India is very backward from the industrial point of view. Both people working an earning $7.25 an hour have to only work a combined total of 41.7 hours a week total to be at the poverty line (That is just 21 hours for each to work to meet the minimum per week at the base of $7.25). States with poverty ratio more than the national average: Orissa, Bihar, Assam, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh are the most poverty ridden states of India. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. 2. •Every 4th person in India is poor. The class 9 syllabus of social science entails a very informative chapter called Poverty as a Challenge. 6.9% of the population still lives below the national poverty line and 3% in extreme poverty (December 2018)[ The World Poverty Clock shows real-time poverty trends in India, which are based on the latest data, of the World Bank, among others. Poverty declined substantially in China as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. (i) National Rural Employ-ment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005: It was passed in September 2005. Ans. Q12. Class-9 » Social Science ... the world bank has made a poverty line for the whole world ... this poverty line is called international poverty line.. it is $1 per person per day.. this is the minimum wage of a person. Get here are the solutions, questions, answers, and notes of chapter 18: POVERTY which is a part of social science class 9 syllabus of students studying under the Nagaland Board of School Education. A person is considered poor, if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given ‘minimum level’ necessary to fulfil basic needs. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. What are the major features of poverty? This line helps measure the number of people living in extreme poverty and helps compare poverty levels between countries. What are the calories and rupees fixed for rural and urban areas for measuring the poverty line? Describe how the poverty line is estimated in India? According to 2018 Census figures, more than 38.1 million people in the U.S. lived below the poverty line, which was 1.4 million fewer people than in 2017. 181.50 and Rs. Name any four poverty ridden states. [CBSE March 2011,12] Glossary and Important Information. Poverty : It is a state in which people do not have sufficient income to fullfill the basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter. So BPL (Below Poverty Line) is a line which demarcate the people, who are living below the poverty from those, who are living above the poverty line. Question 4. 2. asked Aug 11, 2018 in Class IX Social Science by muskan15 (-3,443 points) poverty as a challenge +1 vote. Social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty : Scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. Poverty trends in India and the world are illustrated through the concept of the poverty line. 2020 Federal Poverty Guidelines Chart . After discussing this multi-dimensional problem through examples, the chapter discusses the way poverty is seen in social sciences. Source: Economic Survey 2001-02, Ministry of Finance, Government of India. (ii) Apart from the social groups, there is also inequality of incomes within a family. (ii) What is an average Indian poverty ratio? In: CLASS 9, Economics IX. The Average poverty gap indicator measures the average shortfall below Canada's Official Poverty Line for those living in poverty. (iii) Why calorie requirement is higher in the rural areas? Answer: U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines Used to Determine Financial Eligibility for Certain Federal Programs [Federal Register Notice, January 17, 2020 Full text][Prior Poverty Guidelines and Federal Register References Since 1982][Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)][Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History][Computations for the 2020 Poverty Guidelines] What is poverty line? Poverty rates decreased 1.2 percentage points for people aged 18 to 64, from 10.7 percent to 9.4 percent. What is the accepted average calorie requirement in India This figure has been now raised to … The proportion of people below poverty line is not same for all social groups and economic categories in India. Suggest any two points. Calories and Rupees fixed for rural and urban areas to measure poverty line Hardly 3 per cent of the total working population is engaged in the large- scale industry. Different yardsticks are used in different countries to measure the poverty line. For example, the poverty level for a household of four in 2020 is an annual income of $26,200. How does a country measure its poverty? [CBSE2014] The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. 3. The higher growth rates have helped significantly in the reduction of poverty. Question 9. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. The accepted average of calories requirement in India is 2400 calories per person per day in rural areas and 2100 calories in urban areas. Answer: Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are poorest of the poor. Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) 2005 was passed in September 2005. Poor It is person which lacks the financial resources and essential things to enjoy. Answer: To get the poverty level for larger families, add $4,480 for … The Poverty as a Challenge | Economics | Chapter 3 | Class 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge. (ii) Kerala [CBSE 2016] Answer: A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below the given minimum level necessary to fulfil the basic needs. If the trend continues, people below poverty line may come down to less than 20 per cent in the next few years. In India, the poverty line is determined through a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.. Question 5. Low level of economic development under the British. (i) Identify the three states where the poverty ratio is the highest. How can poverty be reduced in future in India? Official poverty estimates which were about 45 per cent in the early 1950s remained the same even in the early eighties. Q13. Name the two planks. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. There is need for to empower women and economically weaker sections of society. Answer: It is high in the rural areas because of more physical work done by the rural people. Question 9. Poverty means hunger, lack of shelter, malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, lack of job opportunity, illiteracy level, lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation etc. Answer: Question 1. More than 56% of rural population was living below poverty in 1973 which has come down to 34%. Poverty as a Challenge Class 9 Notes Social Science Economics Chapter 3. (iv) Why the states named by you in part (ii) have a low poverty ratio? Poverty when looked through other social indicators like illiteracy level, lack of general resistance due to malnutrition, lack of access to healthcare, lack of job opportunities, lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation etc. (i) What do you understand by human poverty? Study the given bar graph carefully, and answer the following questions: Poverty as a Challenge | Economics | Chapter 3 | Class 9 | Ncert Notes | Study Material | Pdf | Download | CBSE. The poverty rate for people aged 65 and older decreased by 0.9 percentage points, from 9.7 percent to 8.9 percent (Figure 8 and Table B-1). Increasing stress on universal free elementary education will help in the formation of human capital. If you spend more than you make, you are not below the poverty line. Q.20. It is implemented as a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme, and food grains are provided free of cost to the states. 9. Once the NREGA is in force, the NFWP will be subsumed within this programme. Answer: Question 6. The growth rate jumped from the average of about 3.5% a year in the 1970s to about 6 % cent during the 1980s and 1990s. In poor families all suffer, but some suffer more than others. It aims to explore the prevalent poverty in the country in detail along with various other important subtopics. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Study the given bar graph carefully, and answer the following questions: (ii) Name the regions/countries where poverty has decreased (any two). In developed countries, where there is advanced standard of living and welfare concepts, poverty line is high as basic standard to live include higher consumption requirements and accessibility to many goods and services. Scheduled Caste(SC) and Scheduled Tribe(ST). This line helps measure the number of people living in extreme poverty and helps compare poverty levels between countries. U.S. Federal Poverty Guidelines Used to Determine Financial Eligibility for Certain Federal Programs [Federal Register Notice, January 17, 2020 Full text][Prior Poverty Guidelines and Federal Register References Since 1982][Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)][Further Resources on Poverty Measurement, Poverty Lines, and Their History][Computations for the 2020 Poverty Guidelines] was living below the poverty line, but in 2001, it was approximately 30 per cent. Odisha, Bihar, Assam and Tripura. Mass poverty is a situation in which a large section of people in economy are deprived of the basic necessities. ‘The results of poverty alleviation programmes have been mixed.’ Give any four reasons. Or Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 Economics Chapter 3 Poverty as a Challenge with Answers Pdf free download. The accepted average calorie requirement in India is 2400 calories pe… As per the data, there has been a substantial decline … Similarly, state governments will establish State Employment Guarantee Funds for the implementation of the scheme. Question 10. Answer: Question 4. Under the programme, if an applicant is not provided employment within fifteen days, he/she will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance. Answer: (iv) Tamil Nadu Based on these calculations, for the year 2000, the poverty line for a person was fixed at Rs 328 per month in rural area and RS 454 in urban area. How is the poverty line estimated periodically? Question 15. A target for creating 25 lakh new jobs has been set for the programme under the Tenth Five Year Plan. above the poverty line by organising them into self-help groups through a j mix of bank credit and government subsidy. These surveys are carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation. Discuss the major reasons for poverty in India. According to the World Bank standard, the poverty ratio or percentage of population living below the poverty line in developing countries has come down from 28% in 1990 to 21% in 2001. Unemployment: Due to lack of job opportunities, more than 90 lakhs of our total working force is unemployed. A poverty line is an indicator of poverty, z’.e., it is a level of income which barely meets sustenance. 6. (iii) West Bengal: Poverty has been . (iv) Tamil Nadu: Poverty has been reduced through proper public distribution system. Question 3. As the cost of living increases, poverty lines increase too. According to the World Bank standard, the poverty ratio or percentage of population living below the poverty line in developing countries has come down from 28% in 1990 to 21% in 2001. We have Provided Poverty as a Challenge Class 9 Economics MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. (ii) National Food for Work Programme (NFWP): It was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country. This approach is also referred as trickle down effect. (i) Odisha, Bihar and Chattisgarh. However, these notes should be used only for references and additions/modifications should be made as per the requirements. Or Poverty line is usually defined on the basis of income or consumption. It also means lack of regular job at a minimum decent level. (iv) Due to availability of work. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. 1 answer. “The proportion of people below poverty line is also not same for all social groups and economic categories in India.” Explain. The central government will also establish National Employment Guarantee Funds. Define poverty with contest to World Bank. The international poverty line, currently set at $1.90 a day, is the universal standard for measuring global poverty. Answer: The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families Answer: Due to shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward. Which of the main factor responsible for the reduction of poverty in the following states: Answer: Question 2. Class 9 Social Science Poverty and Hunger Textual Questions and Answers. Calories and Rupees fixed for rural and urban areas to measure poverty line A target for creating 25 lakhs new jobs has been set for the programme under the Tenth Five Year plan. (ii) Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) The aim of the programme is to create self employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns and to develop entrepreneurial skill and attitude among rural unemployed youth. Integrated Rural Development Programmer of IRDP. Describe poverty trends in India since 1973. (iii) Since people living in rural areas engage themselves in more physical work, so calorie requirement in rural areas is higher than in the urban areas. Mention one reason. 3. Describe the current government strategy to remove poverty in India. Due to shortage of inputs, our agriculture is backward. In rupees, the poverty line is the mid-point of the expenditure class in which the calorie needs are satisfied. The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for the educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. What is the basic aim of following poverty alleviation programmes? Over dependence on agriculture Even after more than 60 years of independence more than 60 per cent of our total population still depends on agriculture for its livelihood. 19. The investment in both these sectors will lead to higher economic growth. Answer: Question 8. Define poverty with contest to World Bank. Class 9 Social Science Poverty and Hunger Textual Questions and Answers. There has been a substantial decline in poverty ratios in India from about 55 per cent in 1973 to 30 per cent in 2009-10. 209.60 for rural and urban areas respectively at 1991-92 prices. The accepted average calorie requirement in India is 2400 calories per … What is poverty line? This resulted in less job opportunities and low growth rate of incomes. (iii) What are the main features of the National Rural Employ¬ment Guarantee Act, 2005? Poverty line differs from one country to another, depending upon the idea of poverty Poverty line changes from one country to another. (v) Swamajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY): It was launched in 1999. The poverty line is estimated periodically by conducting sample surveys. When is a person considered poor? Question 7. A person is considered poor, if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given ‘minimum level’ necessary to fulfil basic needs. These physical quantities are multiplied by their prices in rupees. Question 9. A common method used to measure poverty is based on the income or consumption level. (NSSO). A poverty line is an indicator of poverty, z’.e., it is a level of income which barely meets sustenance. Poverty also means lack of clean water and sanitation facilities. The poor families are provided BPL (Below Poverty Line) ration cards which entitles them to a higher quantity of grains at a very low price or sometimes free of cost. Or [CBSE 2015] Different yardsticks are used in different countries to measure the poverty line. Later, the scheme will be extended to 600 districts. Rural Employment Generation Programme. (ii) Kerala: Poverty has been reduced through human resource development. Around about 50 % of urban population was living below poverty in 1973 which has come down to 27%. The Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana. Poverty Line It is an imaginary line used by any country to determine its poverty. Inflationary pressure: Upward trend in prices adversely affects the poor sections of the society. Name any two social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty. Or Question 10. Economic groups: Similarly among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households. Question 8. The Act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts. 5. Direct approach: Under direct approach government has launched various poverty alleviation programmes and food schemes to target the poor directly. (ii) Who are the poorest of the poor? When is a person considered poor? The poverty ratio in these states is much higher than the national average. 9. (i) Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana (PMRY). Along with food it also includes other necessities of life like education, shelter, health care, job, security, social equality, etc. Mention any one historical reason for poverty. The international poverty line, currently set at $1.90 a day, is the universal standard for measuring global poverty. Under the programme, if an applicant is not provided employment within fifteen days, he/she will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance. Increasing stress on universal free elementary education. It also is a situation in which parents are not able to send their children to school or a situation where sick people cannot afford treatment. On this basis, the cutoff point turns out to be Rs. 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